Sports medicine doctors are medical professionals who focus on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of injuries related to athletic activities. These physicians generally focus on joint, bone and muscle health, although they also offer more generalized medical care to their patients.
Sports medicine doctors are either orthopedic surgeons or primary care physicians who prescribe treatments for professional and amateur athletes. These doctors may work in hospitals and clinics, or with high school, collegiate or professional sports organizations. They are trained to address issues associated with nutrition, sports psychology and substance abuse and may also counsel athletes on injury prevention. In addition, they sometimes focus on special groups of people, such as young children or the elderly.
Sports medicine doctors often work alongside physical therapists to create rehabilitation plans, or with athletic trainers to develop appropriate exercise regimens. While orthopedic surgeons are trained to perform surgery, primary care sports medicine doctors do not operate on athletes but can expedite referral to a surgeon if surgery is required.
Sports Medicine – Open focuses on original research and definitive reviews in the field of sport and exercise medicine. The Journal includes medical and scientific research relating to:
- Sporting performance enhancement including nutrition, equipment and training
- Medical syndromes associated with sport and exercise
- Injury prevention and treatment
- Exercise for rehabilitation and health
- The application of physiological and biomechanical principles to specific
Specializing in the treatment of athletes and other physically active individuals, sports and exercise medicine physicians have extensive education in musculoskeletal medicine. SEM doctors treat injuries such as muscle, ligament, tendon and bone problems, but may also treat chronic illnesses that can affect physical performance, such as asthma and diabetes. SEM doctors also advise on managing and preventing injuries.