Total knee replacement, or total knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure in which parts of the knee joint are replaced with artificial parts (prostheses) (image 1). A normal knee functions as a hinge joint between the upper leg bone (femur) and the lower leg bones (tibia and fibula).
Knee replacement surgery, also known as knee arthroplasty, is regarded as a modern surgical procedure that can accurately be described as “knee resurfacing”. This procedure entails restoring the weight bearing facade of the knee joint that is damaged, worn out, or diseased to relieve pain and movement disability. It is performed through the implant of an orthopedic metal and plastic component shaped as a joint so that the knee can move properly.
Arthroplasty is a field of medicine which deals with the surgical reconstruction and total replacement of degenerated joints. Arthroplasty uses artificial body parts (prosthetics). Arthroplasty literally means “the surgical repair of a joint”.
Knee replacement, also called arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to resurface a knee damaged by arthritis. Metal and plastic parts are used to cap the ends of the bones that form the knee joint, along with the kneecap. This surgery may be considered for someone who has severe arthritis or a severe knee injury.
A Total knee replacement is a surgical procedure whereby the diseased knee joint is replaced with artificial material. The knee is a hinge joint which provides motion at the point where the thigh meets the lower leg. The thighbone (or femur) abuts the large bone of the lower leg (tibia) at the knee joint.
Imagine yourself pushing a fully loaded vehicle which has flat tyres. You would need considerable force to make it move. Same happens to an overweight person with an Arthritic Knee Joint. Their knee joints feel stiff and are deformed and hence the person needs more physical energy to get up from a sitting position, walk, climb stairs and negotiate slopes.
The solution to painful arthritic knee is now easily available in form of Knee Surface Replacement.