Joint replacement surgery is removing a damaged joint and putting in a new one. A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, and shoulder. The surgery is usually done by a doctor called an orthopaedic surgeon. Sometimes, the surgeon will not remove the whole joint, but will only replace or fix the damaged parts.
In a normal joint, the joint surface is covered by a smooth articular surface that allows for smooth movement within the joint, whereas in arthritic joint the cartilage is gradually worn out causing the articular ends of the bones to rub against one another leading to pain and restricted range of motion.
Total joint replacement may be considered in patients with severe pain which is not relieved through medications, injections, physical therapy, or other treatments. The goal of the surgery is to relieve pain and restore the normal functioning of the joint. Total joint replacement can be performed through an open or minimally invasive approach.
In the open approach, an incision is made over the affected joint to expose the joint. The arthritic part of the joint is removed and prepared to receive the artificial components. The artificial components are fixed in place. The muscles and tendons are then repaired and the skin is closed.
A minimally invasive approach has been developed in recent years where surgery is performed through one or two smaller incisions rather than the single long incision as in the traditional approach. Advantages of the newer approach are lesser muscle dissection, minimal pain, quicker recovery, and faster rehabilitation.
- Minimally Invasive Joint Replacement
- Total Knee Arthroplasty
- Conformis Knee Arthroplasty
- Total Hip Arthroplasty
- Total Shoulder Arthroplasty
- Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty